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Monday, August 29th, 2005
8:43 pm - Open Source and Socialism
rayne_vandunem Open question:

What do you think about "open source", from a Socialist/Communist perspective?



x-posted to comunistas, redstarrevolt, revolutionarycp, revolutionaryid, and socialistworker.

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Tuesday, August 16th, 2005
11:44 pm - It started with Eisenhower and now Bush's trying it again

samoshuk
Bush appoints ‘transition coordinator’ for Cuba
Author: W. T. Whitney Jr.
People's Weekly World Newspaper, 08/11/05 11:57

A 2004 report of President Bush’s “Commission for Assistance for a Free Cuba” called for escalating economic pressure on Cuba, funding internal opposition forces and developing mechanisms for privatizing the island’s enterprises in a post-socialist society. It also called for a high-level Washington appointee to take charge of Cuba’s would-be return to capitalism.

On July 28 Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice introduced Caleb McCarry as Washington’s new “Cuba transition coordinator.” His assignment is to “accelerate the demise” of Cuba’s revolutionary government.

No doubt alluding to the role of counter-revolutionary Cuban exiles in southern Florida, McCarry said, “It will be brave souls on the island itself and Cubans from around the world who will determine the future of a free Cuba. It is the responsibility of the civilized world to act to see that the Cuban family is reunited under political and economic freedom. … Viva Cuba libre.”

McCarry served eight years on the staff of the House Committee on International Relations. During that time he reportedly worked with congressional Republicans and the International Republican Institute to provide money and arms for paramilitary groups preparing to overthrow President Aristide of Haiti.

His appointment comes at a time when Cuba is facing new difficulties. The Bush administration has cut back the flow of remittances to families on the island. Blackouts are more common, as Cuba replaces obsolete electrical generating equipment. The summer has been extraordinarily hot, damage from Hurricane Dennis was extensive, and several unexplained epidemics have cropped up.

Despite recent wage increases, some families are experiencing food shortages.

Cuban National Assembly President Ricardo Alarcon said July 30 that the appointment of a “transition coordinator” is proof that the U.S. is going forward with efforts to “overthrow the revolution.”

The prospect of a high U.S. official on the ground in Cuba comes as no surprise to those with a historical bent. Early in the 20th century, several Cuban presidents had to answer to U.S. prefects, among them General Leonard Wood, Charles Magoon, General Enoch Crowder, and Sumner Welles.

http://www.pww.org/article/articleview/7512/1/281

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Thursday, May 26th, 2005
8:12 pm - Why the 'original ones' protest in Bolivia

casadetodd
This is a battle between the haves and the have-nots, between the downtrodden and desperately poor Indian and mestizo majority against the political and economic elites -- a fight some analysts say could be contagious across Latin America.

Bolivia, on the advice of Harvard-trained economist Jeffrey Sachs, activated some of the most radical free-market reforms anywhere in Latin America in the 1980s.

And as I look at the wooden sticks and dynamite fuses of demonstrators on one side and the riot shields and helmets of police on the other, it is clear this is the frontline of the fight back.

http://www.cnn.com/2005/WORLD/americas/05/26/penhaul.bolivia/index.html

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Monday, May 16th, 2005
9:11 pm - "NO SUBSTITUTE FOR WORKERS POWER" - By Paul D’Amato
pravdavitezi When the First International Workingman’s Association was formed in the mid-1860s, Karl Marx inscribed on its banner: "The emancipation of the working class must conquered by the working classes themselves." The exploited and oppressed must free themselves--that was Marx’s starting point.

They cannot be freed by "philanthropic bourgeois" reformers. They cannot be freed by a heroic guerrilla force. They cannot be freed by a small band of terrorists with dynamite. And they cannot be freed by a party that stands above or outside their own struggles.
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http://socialistworker.org/2003-2/461/461_09_Substitution.shtml

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Saturday, May 14th, 2005
12:53 am
pravdavitezi International Socialist Review Issue 13, August-September 2000
Marxists and elections
By PAUL D'AMATO



"WHAT ATTITUDE do Marxists take to elections and representative government? In the history of the socialist movement there have developed or coexisted two principal and, in the end, quite different and opposing views of the question. One, reformism, argues that modern representative government affords the working class the opportunity to achieve socialism by electing a socialist majority into office. This view emphasizes the peaceful, gradual transition to socialism, and sees campaigns around elections and the work of socialist elected officials as the most important aspect of socialists’ activity. The other trend, first outlined by Marx and Engels, and then elaborated by Rosa Luxemburg and Lenin, argues for a revolutionary overthrow of the state, based upon the mass struggle of the working class, and its replacement by new organs of workers’ power."

http://www.isreview.org/issues/13/marxists_elections.shtml

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Saturday, May 7th, 2005
11:36 pm

casadetodd
Communism starts at home. Your sister has two pair of sandals and can only wear one at a time so she shares. Next thing you know, you let your neighbor watch your TV. It's the beginning. Soon, everyone will share what they have, sales will drop on new DVD players and cars that people don't need and the economy will flop. Damn Communists.

gakked from http://www.nicaliving.com/node/view/1084

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Friday, April 29th, 2005
11:27 am

samoshuk

‘No nukes, no war!’: Global convergence at UN demands end to nuclear weapons
Author: Dan Margolis
People's Weekly World Newspaper, 04/28/05 13:44


NEW YORK — The worldwide movement to end nuclear weapons, energized and united with the antiwar movement, is converging here for a month of actions. Kicking it off is a May 1 mass “No Nukes! No Wars!” march. On May 2, the United Nations opens a review of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), which aims to curb and eventually eliminate these weapons of mass destruction.

In addition to UN events, numerous activities, sponsored by a wide variety of nongovernmental organizations from more than 90 countries, will fill the month of May. Hibakusha — Japanese survivors of the U.S. atom bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 — will be touring the country and meeting with local community organizations.

“They have seen the horror of nuclear war, and want to guarantee it never happens again,” said Judith Le Blanc, co-chair of United for Peace and Justice.

A Mayors for Peace delegation, representing 105 cities in 25 countries, will rally for its “vision campaign” to eliminate all nuclear arsenals by the year 2020.

Other public events include forums on depleted uranium, the Iraq war and a nuclear-free Middle East. Abolition Now and UFPJ, two of the sponsoring organizations, are helping to coordinate the participation of the many peace, disarmament, women’s, trade union and youth groups coming from around the world.

The global call is to abolish all nations’ nuclear weapons. However, the United States — in particular the Bush administration — has been singled out as the main roadblock to abolition.
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http://www.pww.org/article/articleview/6891/1/267

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Sunday, April 24th, 2005
10:59 am
pravdavitezi "It’s class war from above that’s allowed America’s rulers to accumulate their vast power--and it will require class war from below for workers to make any significant gains."



http://www.socialistworker.org/2005-1/540/540_05_ClassWar.shtml
The one-sided class war
April 22, 2005 | Page 5

LEE SUSTAR reports on the decline in real wages for U.S. workers--and its significance for the economy.
THREE YEARS into an economic recovery, workers are losing ground--so much so that the mainstream media are finally having to take notice.
Once inflation is taken into account, compensation for nonsupervisory workers in the private sector--about 80 percent of the workforce--dropped 0.4 percent in 2004. Analyses in the New York Times and Los Angeles Times blamed the usual suspects: globalization and the outsourcing of jobs overseas, a slack labor market and weak unionization rates.
Read more...Collapse )

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Wednesday, April 20th, 2005
10:53 am

samoshuk
I've noticed that the moderator has deleted his account; is there a new moderator here?

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Thursday, March 17th, 2005
3:11 pm

samoshuk
Millions mourn Chilean heroine
Author: José A. Cruz
People's Weekly World Newspaper, 03/10/05 11:19

Thousands of Chileans poured into the streets to pay tribute to Chile’s fiery Communist leader, Gladys Marin, who died March 6 at age 63 after a long battle with brain cancer. Crowds estimated at half a million lined the streets outside La Moneda government palace in Santiago March 8 as her funeral procession passed by.

Marin, chairwoman of the Communist Party of Chile, was revered as a symbol of the resistance to the bloody dictatorship of Gen. Augusto Pinochet, and as the embodiment of Chile’s left

The Chilean government decreed a two-day period of national mourning. Marin’s body lay in state in the old National Congress building, where she served as a legislator. Some 500,000 Chileans lined up to pay their last respects.

Marin, the only woman heading a political party in Chile, was respected by friend and foe alike for her courage and firmness in upholding her communist ideals, undaunted by personal and political tragedy.

Thirty-two years ago, La Moneda was the scene of the U.S.-backed coup that overthrew the elected Popular Unity government of Salvador Allende and installed Pinochet. Pinochet unleashed a reign of terror, with mass arrests, kidnappings, torture and executions. Thousands simply “disappeared.” Among the disappeared was Marin’s husband, Jorge Muñoz, a member of the Communist Party’s political commission. He was arrested in 1976 and never seen again.

Marin worked against the Pinochet regime from the moment it came to power. As the coup was under way, she rushed to a radio station and called on the Chilean people to resist.

After the 17-year dictatorship ended in 1990, she was a leader of the struggle to bring Pinochet to justice. In 1998, she was the first person to file suit against Pinochet for his crimes. When Marin demanded that Pinochet be tried, calling him a “psychopath who gained power using intrigue, treason and crime,” Pinochet filed suit and she was arrested and jailed. After mass protests she was released two days later. The Chilean Supreme Court eventually revoked Pinochet’s immunity from prosecution and he is now finally facing criminal charges.

Marin was actively involved in the continuing fight to change the Pinochet constitution and laws imposed by the dictatorship — including a two-party electoral system that makes it impossible for all political viewpoints to be represented.

She became the first woman to run for the presidency, as the candidate of the left in 1998. The previous year she ran for the Senate.

At the time of the 1973 coup, Marin was the leader of the Communist Youth of Chile, and a member of the country’s Parliament. After the coup, following a decision of the Chilean Communist Party, she went underground for several months and then sought asylum at the Dutch Embassy. After eight months of worldwide protests, Pinochet was forced to allow her safe conduct out of the country. She left Chile to build international solidarity with the Chilean democratic movement.

Marin returned to Chile in 1978 to lead the underground movement and build the Communist Party. She was one of the leaders of the first large protests against Pinochet in the 1980s, often facing police tear gas and water cannons.

Marin joined the Communist Party at age 16. She was born in the city of Curepto and lived there until her mother, a schoolteacher, moved the family to Talagante, a town just southwest of Santiago, after her father, a farmer, left. In Talagante, she became a leader in the Catholic youth organization.

As a youth and student activist, she met members of the Communist Youth of Chile, and became a member herself in 1958 after she went to Santiago to go to school. Continuing her student activism, she was elected president of the Federation of Teachers College Student Unions.

In 1963 Marin was elected general secretary of the Communist Youth. Two years later Marin was elected to the nation’s Parliament. She was re-elected twice.

After the 1970 victory of the Popular Unity slate, headed by Allende, Marin worked in Parliament to raise wages, freeze prices, halve the unemployment rate, create public works jobs and nationalize the copper industry as a resource for the Chilean people. Her legislative term was ended by the 1973 fascist coup.

For a period of at least 13 years, while she was living in exile and engaged in underground work, Marin was separated from her sons, Alvaro and Rodrigo. Extraordinary precautions had to be taken for her to be able to see them, crossing secretly into neighboring Argentina.

After Marin’s cancer was discovered in 2003, she went to Stockholm for surgery. She spent months in Cuba receiving therapy, then returned to Chile, but was forced to go back to Cuba for another operation. She returned to Chile for the last time in December 2004.

Even while undergoing treatment, Marin played an active part in Chilean politics, writing articles and letters, holding press conferences, and meeting with her Party leadership.

While in Cuba for treatment, she wrote a second volume of her autobiography. In addition to her mother and assassinated husband, she dedicated the book to those who through “dignity, optimism and struggle will make sure that another world is possible.”

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Friday, March 4th, 2005
11:39 am

shednoblood
National Public Radio is reporting that the Department of Homeland Security has placed electronic monitoring bracelets on the ankles of 1,700 immigrants as part of an experimental programs that allows the government to track them 24 hours a day. The bracelets have been placed on a group of immigrants who have never been accused of a crime but whose immigration status is being challenged by the government. In one case, an immigrant from Belize has been ordered to stay in his house from 6 at night to 6 in the morning. If he tries to sneak out of his Minneapolis home, his ankle bracelet sounds an alarm at a national computer center in Indiana. The experimental program is expected to last six more months. After that the Department of Homeland Security will decide whether it will order all non-citizens applying to stay here to wear the electronic monitoring device.

star of david on the shirt, ankle bracelet on immigrants... seems to be the same nationalist and racist concept

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Tuesday, March 1st, 2005
11:15 am

samoshuk
U.S. food sales to Cuba may be in jeopardy
New regulations threaten lucrative trade
By Mary Murray
Producer
NBC News
Updated: 4:13 p.m. ET Feb. 25, 2005


HAVANA - The Cuban government is nervous about losing its food supply from the United States.

A new Bush administration regulation demands that Havana make the cash payments for goods to suppliers before their purchases leave American ports.

Havana, in a statement released Friday, opposes that new measure, arguing that Cuban exiles who have won lawsuits against the Castro government in U.S. courts would be allowed to seize the property as part of their payment for claims.

In the United States, a number of agricultural states and their Congressional representatives are siding with the Cuban government, saying that trade with Cuba is important because it creates jobs and revenues, while recovering a natural market for American farm goods.

Cuba now a major U.S. partner
Since 2000, when the U.S. Congress allowed an exception to the 30-year-old trade embargo imposed on Fidel Castro’s government by authorizing food sales to Cuba, the island has purchased close to $800 million in food.

The majority of purchases are for basic foodstuffs such as rice, eggs, poultry, wheat, and powdered milk. Currently, an additional $250 million in sales and shipping fees is pending in 2005 and could be jeopardized by the new U.S. “cash-in-advance” rules that take effect in a month’s time, said Pedro Alvarez, head of the Cuban food import agency Alimport.

Pedro Alvarez, head of the Cuban food import agency Alimport, addresses the media at a press conference in Havana on Friday regarding new Bush administration rules, demanding payment before shipments for American food exports to Cuba.

However Alvarez stressed that his company would not only stand by its signed contracts, but stands ready to make further purchases “subject to acceptable terms and conditions that are consistent with international business practices.”

Threat to large U.S. market
Tony Martinez, a Washington D.C.-based consultant on U.S. Food and Medical Sales to Cuba, is worried Alimport may already be looking for alternative sources of food.

“Other nations will likely get that business in the future," he said. "We are likely going to lose a billion dollar plus customer and affect the lives of millions of people. That money and commerce has helped many of our people in difficult economic circumstances back in their home states.”

Under the old U.S. regulations food exporters do not receive payment until Alimport takes possession of the cargo in Havana. Payment is made through a third country as the embargo prohibits Cuba from direct financial exchanges with U.S. banking institutions.

Senator Max Baucus, Democrat from Montana, believes his farm constituents have found an important new market in Cuba. “I’m outraged at this attempt by Treasury Department bureaucrats to choke off U.S. agricultural sales to Cuba,” he said in a statement.

In fact, according to Alvarez, the United States is now one of the island’s top ten trade partners.


Baucus, along with nine other Democrats and ten Republicans from farm states, introduced legislation two weeks ago designed to stop the new food export rules.

The bill would not only reverse the new regulation but also allow direct transactions between American and Cuban banks when making food sales.

On Friday, Alimport concluded negotiations with the Port of San Diego, promising to ship West Coast food purchases through that major hub.

Signing a memorandum of understanding with Alimport, Kourosh Hangafairn, Port Commissioner, urged all parties to stay “positive,” stressing “these types of situations tend to go back and forth.”

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/7031389/

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Thursday, February 24th, 2005
11:23 am

samoshuk
People's struggle grows
Nepal monarch's edicts boomerang
By David Hoskins

Published Feb 17, 2005 11:16 PM
Nepal's absolute monarch, King Gyanendra, dismissed his appointed government and assumed direct control over the state in early February. In the aftermath of his emergency declaration, Gyanendra immediately moved to suspend constitutional rights by censoring the press and locking up prominent leaders of the parliamentary opposition. In addition, telephone wires were cut and all flights into and out of the country have been grounded.

The king's actions are in response to the increasingly powerful revolution waged by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) or CPN(M).

Former Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba, leader of the dismissed government, proved unable to force the revolutionaries to the table for peace talks. Meanwhile, Gyanendra was faced with the risk of losing his throne as the rebels continued to grow in size and capability. His assumption of dictatorial powers is a last-ditch effort to prevent the overthrow of Nepal's monarchy.

Since its inception in 1996, the CPN(M)-led People's War has successfully rooted itself in the peasantry and oppres sed castes of Nepali society. In the beginning, the revolutionary forces were small and lacked adequate arms. Today the People's Liberation Army stands close to 15,000 strong and another 50,000 revolutionaries are organized into local militias. (BBC News: "Q & A: Nepal Crisis," Feb. 1)

The rebels currently control almost 80 percent of the country and millions are now living in liberated zones. ("Dispatches from the People's War in Nepal" by Li Onesto, Dec. 1, 2004) Revolutionary government structures are being built alongside the construction of sanitary, health care, and education facilities in the base areas.

Despite years of imperialist intervention from the United States and Britain, the armed struggle continues to advance.

It is unlikely that King Gyanendra's gamble will pay off. Even the imperialist media has run headlines proclaiming the move as the "Nepal king's biggest gamble" and "Nepalis divided over royal coup." (BBC News) The pro-government forces are weakened by the division between the royalists and the parliamentary parties affected by the king's recent diktat.

The Nepali Congress Party (NCP) and the Communist Party of Nepal-United Marxist-Leninist (UML) have been forced underground by the harsh measures against dissent. It is possible that certain progressive elements, particularly within the UML's youth wing, will now join with the revolutionary forces to bring down the monarchy once and for all. In fact, this is exactly what the CPN(M) has called for in a recent statement articulating the need for a broad united front against the king.

Meanwhile, the measures appear to have done little to diminish the power of the CPN(M). Just last week, militants attacked a prison in southwestern Nepal and freed 150 inmates, including many rebels. At least five policemen were killed in the incident. (CNN, Feb. 10)

The struggle in Nepal highlights the authenticity of scientific socialism. No amount of foreign intervention or maneuvering by the king has squelched the flames of revolution. The people of Nepal continue to march forward despite the obstacles.

It looks as if it is only a matter of time before victory will belong to the people of Nepal as they embark on a new journey to construct a revolutionary state.

http://www.workers.org/world/2005/nepal_0224/

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Tuesday, February 22nd, 2005
4:05 pm

stasja
I've been searching the net for the lyrics of the song "Viva la Revolucion" , but I seem to have failed.
It is a Chilean song in Spanish.

Can anybody help me out?

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Wednesday, February 16th, 2005
11:26 am

samoshuk
“At the risk of seeming ridiculous, let me say that the true revolutionary is guided by a great feeling of love.”

-Che Guevara

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Tuesday, February 1st, 2005
11:04 am

samoshuk
I know these can be kind of lame, but I thought it might be fun to see what everyone gets. Just post the result code in a reply!


Which Famous Revolutionary Are You?

Nelson Mandela

“I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities."

Personality Test Results

Click Here to Take This Quiz
Brought to you by YouThink.com quizzes and personality tests.

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1:07 am
pravdavitezi 15 minutes ago
By BINAJ GURUBACHARYA, Associated Press Writer

KATMANDU, Nepal - King Gyanendra dismissed Nepal's government on Tuesday and declared a state of emergency, taking control of the Himalayan kingdom for the second time in three years.



He denied his takeover was a coup, although soldiers surrounded the houses of Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba and other government leaders.
Armored military vehicles with mounted machine guns were patrolling the streets of Katmandu, the capital, and phone lines in the city had been cut.
In an announcement on state-run television, the king accused the government of failing to conduct parliamentary elections and being unable restore peace in the country, which is beset by rebel violence.

"A new Cabinet will be formed under my leadership," he said, accusing political parties of plunging the country into crisis. "This will restore peace and effective democracy in this country within the next three years."


Later, state-run television reported that a state of emergency had been declared.
Gyanendra's late father, King Mahendra, established a rubber-stamp government and parliament but retained absolute power and outlawed political parties. The absolute monarchy ended when street demonstrations forced the king to give way to a multiparty government in 1990.
On Tuesday, Gyanendra, who is also the supreme commander of the 78,000-member Royal Nepalese Army, said security forces would be given more power to maintain law and order. But he insisted human rights would be respected.
Deuba also was fired as prime minister in October 2002, sparking mass street protests demanding the restoration of a democratically elected government.
The king reinstated Deuba last year with the task of holding parliamentary elections by March 2005 and conducting peace talks with the Maoist rebels.

Nepal has been in turmoil since Gyanendra, 55, suddenly assumed the crown in 2001 after his brother, King Birendra, was gunned down in a palace massacre apparently committed by Birendra's son, the crown prince, who also died. Ten members of the royal family were killed.
Riots shook Katmandu after the killings. Soon after, fighting intensified between government forces and the rebels, who control large parts of Nepal's countryside.

The rebels, who draw inspiration from the late Chinese revolutionary leader Mao Zedong, have been trying since 1996 to overthrow the government and establish a socialist state. They have refused the government's invitation to come into the mainstream of Nepalese politics and end the violence. More than 10,500 people have died since the fighting began.

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Monday, January 24th, 2005
11:19 am

samoshuk
The Crusade for God and Global Conquest
Revolutionary Worker #1266, January 30, 2005, posted at rwor.org,

"America, in this young century, proclaims liberty throughout all the world, and to all the inhabitants thereof."
—George W. Bush, second inaugural speech

"You think you know...but you have no idea...just what Bush has in store for...you...us...the world...our future!"
—Opening lines of the RCP’s statement
"The Battle for the Future Will Be Fought from Here Forward!"

George W. Bush swaggered to the podium of his inauguration and said he would put before "every ruler and every nation" a choice over whether to embrace his vision of "freedom." (Kinda like how the Godfather makes you an "offer you can’t refuse.")

And he said he was proclaiming the "calling of our times"—which means (quite literally!) that Bush believes his god has spoken to him and has assigned the U.S. and its soldiers a divine mission. It was a vision of a global American crusade.

And we use this word "crusade" quite literally. The last time Christian fundamentalists ruled, it was called the Dark Ages. The theocratic leaders of those times announced "crusades"—wars under the sign of the cross to conquer the strategic crossroads of their world. The Crusaders invaded the Middle East in eight waves from 1095 until 1270.

In Bush’s call for this modern-day crusade, a Christian messianic madness has been fused with calculated geopolitics of U.S. capitalism.

On one hand, Bush’s speech was studded with well-known fundamentalist codewords about imposing absolutist Christian dictates upon a rebellious and sinful world. And at the same time, Bush laid out the classic "neo- conservative" vision of forcibly remaking the whole world under U.S. domination—all in the name of "ending tyranny."

This inauguration speech made almost no mention of specific policies, proposals, or legislation. This was not about governmental "business as usual."

The arrogance, wild ambition, and unrestrained aggression of this manifesto were chilling—especially because it was proclaimed from the very heights of U.S. power, with all the military force of this empire at its disposal.
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Tuesday, January 11th, 2005
2:06 pm - More fun with "Communist" China

samoshuk
Purged China Party Chief Zhao in Hospital
January 11, 2005
By REUTERS

Filed at 2:30 a.m. ET

BEIJING (Reuters) - Zhao Ziyang, toppled as China's Communist Party chief for opposing the army crackdown on the 1989 Tiananmen Square democracy demonstrations, is in hospital, the government and sources close to the family said Tuesday.

Zhao, 85, has been confined to his courtyard home in Beijing for more than 15 years, but current leaders remain nervous about the residual influence of modern China's icon of reform, fearing his death could spark widespread protests.

The government dismissed Hong Kong newspaper reports that Zhao had died of respiratory and heart failure in Beijing on Saturday and that the Chinese government had withheld the news for fear of social unrest.

``Zhao Ziyang is an old man who is over 80. He fell ill, but after attentive treatment, his condition is currently stable,'' Foreign Ministry spokesman Kong Quan told reporters.

``Overseas media reports that Zhao Ziyang died on Jan. 8 are totally untrue.''

One source who spoke on condition of anonymity also said Zhao was in hospital. ``His condition is not good,'' he said.

Zhao had lung problems, which required him to use an oxygen mask, the source said. Zhao was in hospital for three weeks in February 2004 with pneumonia.

A second source who has had extensive meetings with Zhao on a regular basis also denied the Hong Kong newspaper reports.

``His health is not very good and he is in hospital, but he is not dead,'' the source said.

China's cabinet spokesman declined immediate comment. Zhao's family could not be reached.

In 2003, Japanese media reported Zhao had died, but the Chinese cabinet spokesman denied it weeks later. It was seen as a trial balloon floated by the authorities to see how society would react to his death.

The Chinese leadership fears Zhao's death could serve as a rallying point for reformists, workers disgruntled at soaring unemployment and farmers disillusioned with the widening gap between rich and poor.

The death in January 1976 of populist premier Zhou Enlai led to an outpouring of grief and protests on Tiananmen Square. The passing of purged reform-minded party chief Hu Yaobang in April 1989 triggered the demonstrations that year that culminated in the army massacre.

Zhao was last seen in public on May 19, 1989, when he tearfully begged student protesters to leave Tiananmen Square, where the protest was centerd. Beijing declared martial law the next day and the army crushed the movement on June 3-4.

Accused of trying to split the Communist Party, Zhao was summarily sacked as party general secretary and replaced by Jiang Zemin. Jiang himself retired in 2002.

Analysts said Zhao stood virtually no chance of staging a political comeback and lacked the power to influence the day-to-day world of Chinese politics.

But some top leaders who were involved in, or who benefited from, the crackdown are still influential and see Zhao as a security threat or as a political ghost haunting them, analysts said.

http://www.nytimes.com/reuters/international/international-china-zhao.html

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10:44 am

samoshuk
Youth Vote 2004: A Whole New Level
by Jessica Marshall

Report to the National Committee meeting of the Communist Party on November 20, 2004.

If you turned on the TV on November 3rd CNN mentioned to you that young people showed up at the polls but it was nothing too impressive. They told you that while the numbers went up, so did all voter-turnout numbers and there was no significant shift or big change in how many young folks showed up as compared to the rest of the population. Some of them even went so far as to blame the youth for not turning out enough to impact the elections favorably for Kerry.

But the numbers tell another story.
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